Tamil Tribune

Hindi Imposition by Indian Government and Opposition in Tamil Nadu

(Reason, consequences, examples and history)

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Official languages was one of the most contentious issues discussed in the Indian Constituent Assembly (Indian Constitution Assembly). After lengthy debates, Hindi was made the official language of India from January 26, 1950, by a majority vote. Since most people, including government officials did not know Hindi, the constitution assembly "graciously" agreed to give a 15-years grace period for non-Hindi peoples to learn Hindi. English would remain as official language along with Hindi for 15 years; that is until January 26, 1965.

Because of the opposition from some Hindi states, especially from Madras State (much of Madras State would later become Tamil Nadu State), Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru promised that English would continue as the official language alongside Hindi as long as non-Hindi stated wanted it.

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), one of the Tamil Nadu political parties that opposed Hindi imposition, asked its cadres to raise black flags instead of the tri-color Indian national flag on January 26, 1965. Most top leaders of DMK were arrested prior to January 26 to prevent demonstrations on January 26 (which is celebrated as the Indian Republic Day).

Tamil Nadu Students Anti-Hindi Agitation rocked Tamil Nadu starting from January 25, 1965 to mid-February. Police and military were brought in from other states to put down the agitation. By the time the agitation ended, police and military had shot and killed 63 unarmed civilians and injured many more.

In the next parliamentary and state legislative assembly elections held in 1967, DMK that symbolized resistance to Hindi won landslide victory in Tamil Nadu. Congress Party which ruled Tamil Nadu State until the 1967 elections, and symbolized Hindi imposition (in the minds of Tamil people) lost heavily in the state. DMK formed the state government under Chief Minister C. N. Annadurai (widely known as Arijnar Anna) who had been sent in the past to prison many times for demonstrating against Hindi imposition.

Congress Party or any other all-India party (which are supportive of Indian government's Hindi policy) ever again came to power in the state as of this writing (2015). DMK or its offshoot All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK or simply ADMK) won state legislative assembly elections and formed the state government.

State governments have no say in Indian government's language policy (Hindi policy). Every Tamil Nadu Chief Minister since 1967 had opposed Indian government's language policy.

As a consequence of the 1965 Anti-Hindi Agitations, Indian parliament passed a law allowing the continued use of English alongside Hindi as long as the non-Hindi states want it (the so-called "two-language formula"). It does not prevent the Indian government from imposing Hindi on non-Hindi peoples. What is Hindi imposition? It does not mean soldiers or police putting a gun to your head and forcing you to speak Hindi. Forcing or pressuring employees of the Indian government and its undertakings (banks, life insurance corporation) to learn Hindi and work in Hindi is Hindi imposition.

There is also Hindi supremacy based discrimination of non-Hindi peoples. Many Indian government staff selection examinations are held in Hindi and English only. While Hindi people can write the examinations in Hindi, non-Hindi aspirants are forced to write in one of two alien languages--Hindi or English. Is it not discrimination? A type of language apartheid?

TAMIL TRIBUNE has published over 60 articles on the subject of Hindi imposition. Links to these articles are divided into sub-categories and listed in this page. Researchers and srtudents who want to get an in-depth understanding of India's language policy may go through these links one by one. Those who want to get an overview of the subject may read just the following 3 articles and then browse through the titles of the other articles and read those articles that interest them.


PRIMARY ARTICLES

We suggest that those who wish to get an overview of the language problem in India, read these 3 primary articles first. Then you may browse through the other article titles and read those that interest you. 

20030101 History: A Chronology of Anti-Hindi Agitations in Tamil Nadu and What the Future Holds (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2003 (33 KB) (h)

History of Anti-Hindi Imposition Agitations in Tamil Nadu from 1938, including the 1965 Tamil Nadu Students Anti-Hindi Agitation in which more than 60 unarmed Tamils were killed by Indian security forces and half a dozen Tamil patriots set themselves to fire (self-immolation) in protest. Events, names and dates.

20060101 Four Quotes on Hindi Imposition from Indian Constituent Assembly Members (by Tamil Tribune Staff and Writers), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2006 (8 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20030401 How India's Official Language Policy is Hurting Non-Hindi Peoples (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2003 (21 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

 

Click on the sub-category of interest or simply crawl down

01)

History: Anti-Hindi Agitations in Tamil Nadu

Quotes from Hindi and Non-Hindi Leaders about Hindi as Official Language

Main Articles (Why, How, What, and More)

Comprehensive Lists of Indian Government's Hindi Imposition Activities

Pro-Hindi, anti-Hindi Debates

Hindi and the Indian Constitution (unconstitutional activities of Hindi Enthusiasts)

National Language


02)

Direct Hindi Imposition: Hindi Imposition through Indian Government Jobs

Hindi In Schools and Universities

Hindi Infiltration into Tamilnadu

Hindi in Indian Parliament

Hindi in Everyday Life

Hindi Propagation in Foreign Countries

Discrimination of Non-Hindi Peoples Abroad and Hindianization of Indians in Foreign Countries

India is for Hindi Speakers (in their own words)

Discrimination of Non-Hindi Peoples Abroad and Hindianization of Indians in Foreign Countries

Hindi Imposition through Computers and Internet

03)

How the Safety and Health of non-Hindi Peoples are ignored because of India’s Hindi Zealousness?

Hindi Cultural Domination

Hindi-Driven Indian Politics

Prime Minister Vajpayee Talks Nonsense about Hindi

Hindian Arrogance and Sense of Entitlement


04)

Special Privileges to Hindi Speakers and Industry

Impose Hindi, Kill Other Languages

Views from outside Tamil Nadu

How Ordinary People Countered Hindi?

Hindi and Tamilnadun politics

Miscellaneous

History: Anti-Hindi Agitations in Tamil Nadu

20030101 History: A Chronology of Anti-Hindi Agitations in Tamil Nadu and What the Future Holds (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2003 (33 KB) (h)

History of Anti-Hindi Imposition Agitations in Tamil Nadu from 1938, including the 1965 Tamil Nadu Students Anti-Hindi Agitation in which more than 60 unarmed Tamils were killed by Indian security forces and half a dozen Tamil patriots set themselves to fire (self-immolation) in protest. Events, names and dates.

20040101 Self Immolation Against Hindi Imposition in Tamil Nadu (1965) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2004 (20 KB) (h)

Compilation of available information about the seven Tamil martyrs who committed self immolation against Hindi imposition during the 1965 Anti-Hindi Agitation in Tamilnadu.

20120901 Indian School Textbook from NCERT Distorts and Disparages 1965 Tamil Nadu Students Anti-Hindi Imposition Agitation (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2012 (8 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20020102 A Slice of Anti-Hindi Agitation History (1938) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2002 (6 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

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Quotes about Hindi as Official Language

19990101 Quotes on Hindi Imposition-1 (from General K. M. Kariappa, C. Rajagopalachari, First Governor-General of India, and Pattom Thanu Pillai, Former Chief Minister of Kerala State), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 1999 (5 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

19990104 Two Dogs and Hindi: A Story from C. N. Annadurai's Speeches (by K. Chezhian), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 1999 (6 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20060101 Four Quotes on Hindi Imposition from Indian Constituent Assembly Members (by Tamil Tribune Staff and Writers), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2006 (8 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20140401 Quotes: Eleven Arrogant Things Hindi Politicians Said (India) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2014 (14 KB) (h)

Ten Stupid things Hindi politicians and “intellectuals” said about Hindi. One was Prime Minister of India, one was Home Minister of India, one was Chief Minister of the largest state in India, two were members of the Indian constitution assembly, two were Hindi writers including one recipient of Padmashree Award, one of the highest honors bestowed by the Indian government.

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Main Articles (Why, How, What, and More)

20110801 A Comprehensive Programme to Protect Indian Languages (A Bill of Rights for Indian Languages) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2011 (34 KB) (h, i)

Title is self-explanatory.

20030401 How India's Official Language Policy is Hurting Non-Hindi Peoples (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2003 (21 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20170201 English Ever as a Link Language of India - the Only Defense Against Hindi Onslaught (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2017 (16 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory

20050301 Why Hindi People Insist on and Tamil People Oppose Hindi Signs in Tamil Nadu? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2005 (22 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

19991202 Hindi Imposition and Independence for Tamil Nadu (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 1999 (17 KB) (f, h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20001101 Who Rules India? (Part I) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2000 (44 KB) (h, hi, i)

Author argues that it is the Hindi politicians who control Indian government decisions and actions. Detailed discussion.

20120301 Indian Government Language Policy: Destroy all Languages Except Hindi (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2012 (10 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20121001 Indian Government, Tamil Nadu and Hindi Imposition: Talking Points (by K. Chezhian, Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 2012 (10 KB) (h)

A collection of "micro-articles" on Hindi imposition and its consequences. More micro-articles added as necessary.

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Comprehensive Lists of Indian Government's Hindi Imposition Activities

20160101 A List of Hindi Imposition Activities of the Indian Government in 2014 (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2016 (12 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20160501 A List of Hindi Imposition Activities of the Indian Government in 2015 (January - September) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2016 (20 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20160701 A List of Hindi Imposition Activities of the Indian Government in 2015 (October - December) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2016 (16 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20160901 A List of Hindi Imposition Activities of the Indian Government in 2016 (January - March) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2016 (20 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20170401 A List of Hindi Imposition Activities of the Indian Government in 2016 (Part B: April - June) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2017 (16 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

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Pro-Hindi, anti-Hindi Debates

20030201 A DEBATE: Is Tamil Nadu Discriminated in India? ( No: Vasudevan, Yes: Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2003 (30 KB) (e, h)

A debate about economic discrimination and Hindi imposition. (Hindi imposition related discussions in Sections 1.2, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.4)

20071101 A DEBATE: An Angry Hindi Speaker Speaks Up, A Tamil Nationalist Responds (by K. Agarwal and Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2007 (13 KB) (h)

A debate on whether Hindi should be the official language of India.

201011f1 Accept Hindi as India's Official Language (by Gaurav Garg), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2010 (11 KB) (h)

A mini-debate.

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Hindi and the Indian Constitution (unconstitutional activities of Hindi enthusiasts)

20140901 India: Constitutional Confrontation over Language (Hindi Highway/Road Signs) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2014 (15 KB) (h)

Illegal removal of English signs along some national highways.  This is an indirect way of forcing people to learn Hindi: How? Why it is unconstitutional? Why it is important and critical to put them back? What can we do?

20141001 India: Illegal Hindi Imposition Beyond the Constitution (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 2014 (9 KB) (h, i)

Examples of the Indian government imposing Hindi illegally beyond constitutional provisions and laws.

20161201 Stop the Lies about Hindi and Sanskrit (India) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 2016 (12 KB) (h, i, s)

Can the President, Prime Minister or ministers of India abuse their freedom of speech and spread lies and false information on matters of national significance? Can a citizen file a lawsuit in courts to stop them from spreading such lies?

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National Language

20100602 Indian Government False Propaganda: Hindi is India's National Language (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, June 2010 (7 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20161201 Stop the Lies about Hindi and Sanskrit (India) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 2016 (12 KB) (h, i,  s)

Can the President, Prime Minister or ministers of India abuse their freedom of speech and spread lies and false information on matters of national significance? Can a citizen file a lawsuit in courts to stop them from spreading such lies?

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Direct Hindi Imposition: Hindi Imposition through Indian Government Jobs

20020501 Government of India's Hindi Imposition Agenda for 2002-2003 (by M. T.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2002 (26 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20150201 Outrageous Discrimination of Non-Hindi Students in IAS Examinations (Consequence of Hindi Imposition in India) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2015 (15 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

19991201 Hindi Weeks and Hindi Fortnights (by M. T.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 1999 (6 KB) (h)

Hindi imposition on Indian Government employees.

20010703 What is the Need for Rajbhasha Adhikaris in Indian Government Offices? (Official Language Officers, Hindi Officers) (by J. Panneerselvam and Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2001 (8 KB) (h)

There are Hindi enforcement officers in every department of the Indian Government. Discussion of their duties.

20071002 Hindi Imposition through Banks (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 2007 (11 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20080701 Hindi in Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC) (by Neyveli Nedumaran), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2008 (7 KB) (h)

Tamil employees are forced to work in Hindi at the Neyveli Lignite Corporation located in Tamilnadu.

20020201 India: Tamil IAS Officer Scolded for not Speaking "Good" Hindi (by P.N.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2002 (9 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20090302 Hindi Employees Outnumber Tamils in Tamil Nadu Central Government Office (by T. Ganesan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2009 (5 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20020802 Doctor, Learn Hindi or You are Fired! (by K. N. Nair), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2002 (5 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20040801 Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Dominated by Hindi Speakers (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2004 (8 KB) (h)

Disproportionately large numbers of Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) constables and officers are recruited from the Hindi belt. Why?

20041001 Hindi in Southern Railways (by AT), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 2004 (8 KB) (h)

Increasing Hindi use in Tamilnadu offices of Indian Southern Railways.

20050801 "Indian Youth" means "Hindi Youth" to the Indian Government (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2005 (9 KB) (h)

Indian Defense Minister's statement explaining why Hindi is introduced as examination language for the combined defense service entrance examination while other languages are ignored.

20130702 Hindi Extremism Again in UPSC (and IAS) Examinations (Language Politics) (by K. Chezhian, Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2013 (11 KB) (h)

Discriminatory restrictions in UPSC (and IAS) examinations against non-Hindi candidates.

20120201 Agony of a Non-Hindi Employee at an Indian Government Bank in South India (by RR), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2012 (6 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

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Hindi In Schools and Universities

20150801 Should We Teach Hindi in Tamil Nadu Schools? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2015 (28 KB) (h)

Hindi may benefit less than 10% students who may one day work in Hindi states or Indian government jobs. Why take up to 3 hours per week to teach it instead of using those hours to teach computers, science and mathematics that benefit 100% of students?

20081201 Should my Son Learn Hindi? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 2008 (14 KB) (h)

Should my Son Learn Hindi? Tamil nationalist writer and a strong opponent of Hindi imposition responds. Answer may surprise you.

20100201 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (Modern Schools) and Hindi Imposition (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2010 (11 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20130102 IIT Entrance Examination Questions in Hindi (Language Politics in IIT-JEE) (by K. Chezhian, Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2013 (8 KB) (h)

Why not in all languages listed in the Indian constitution?

20161001 Hindi Enters Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of Management (IIT and IIM) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 2016 (24 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20140201 Question Papers for IAS, IPS, IIT, IAEEE and ICAR-AIEEA-UG Selection Examinations (Hindi and English Only) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2014 (9 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

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Hindi Infiltration into Tamilnadu

20140101 Cooking Gas Explosions and Hindi Instructions (Tamil Nadu, India) (by K.S.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2014 (10 KB) (h)

What have cooking gas explosions to do with Hindi zealousness?

20070201 Hindi Advertisements in Tamil Newspapers: Does it Make Sense? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2007 (9 KB) (h)

Who placed Hindi advertisements in Tamil newspapers? Why?

20040601 India: Health and Welfare for Hindi Speakers Only (by K. S.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, June 2004 (10 KB) (h)

Indian Government sponsors AIDS prevention and control books in Hindi only. What about Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal?

20041102 Hindi on Chennai Television (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2004 (13 KB) (h)

Indian Government has increased the number of Hindi programmes while reducing the Tamil programs at the Chennai regional television channel. This makes no sense since this regional channel is seen only in Tamilnadu where almost everyone knows Tamil and very few know Hindi.

20060502 Pharmaceutical Labels in Hindi: "Indian Customers" mean "Hindi Customers" to the Indian Government (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2006 (8 KB) (h)

In yet another indirect attempt to force Hindi into non-Hindi states, Indian governments orders that pharmaceutical labeling (drug labels) must be in Hindi and English (not the local language and English).

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Hindi in Indian Parliament

20100402 Members of Parliament Stare Dumbfounded as Indian President Addresses Them in Hindi (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2010 (11 KB) (h, hi)

Indian President Pratibha Patil’s address to parliament in Hindi without English translation flouts constitutional provisions. Once Parliamentary Affairs Minister Pramod Mahajan interrupted former President Abdul Kalam from saying a few words in Tamil at an official meeting, saying, “He is the president of India. He cannot speak in Tamil.”

20101001 Mr. Alagiri Goes to New Delhi (Language Discrimination in Parliament) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 2010 (10 KB) (h)

If a Hindi minister can speak in his/her mother tongue in parliament, then a Tamil minister should also be able to speak in his/her mother tongue, especially if the minister is not proficient in English or Hindi. The technology is available but Hindi politicians do not want to give up their privileged status.

20080501 Hindi in Parliament (by P. Unny), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2008 (7 KB) (h)

Second class status for non-Hindi languages in Indian parliament.

20101201 Hindi Extremism and Violation of Constitution in Indian Parliament (by Thanjai Nalankilli ), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 2010 (12 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20031202 An Additional Special Privilege for Hindi Speaking Members of the Indian Parliament (by P. Unny), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 2003 (8 KB) (h)

None.

20140302 Hypocrisy of Hindi Politicians (Hindi Hypocrisy in Indian Parliament) (by P. Unny), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2014 (7 KB) (h)

“Asking me to speak in English or Hindi is an insult not only to me but for the entire Telugu speaking people”. - Nandamuri Harikrishna. Non-Hindi MPs should have the same privileges as Hindi MPs. Non-Hindi peoples pay taxes too.

20141101 India: Democracy or Hindi-crazy? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2014 (16 KB) (h)

Non-Hindi ministers, MPs and citizens cannot fully participate unless they know Hindi or English. Three examples.

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Hindi in Everyday Life

20140901 India: Constitutional Confrontation over Language (Hindi Highway/Road Signs) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2014 (15 KB) (h)

Illegal removal of English signs along some national highways. This is an indirect way of forcing people to learn Hindi: How? Why it is unconstitutional? Why it is important and critical to put them back? What can we do?

20150301 Hindi Imposition in Karnataka (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2015 (14 KB) (h)

Examples of Hindi imposition in Karnataka and how it is choking off Kannada in Karnataka

20170801 Hindi Imposition (Hindi Use) at Joint State-Central Government Projects in India (Metros in Kolkata, Kochi, Bengaluru, Chennai,...) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2017 (20 KB) (h)

Opposition to Hindi use metros in non-Hindi states in Bengaluru, Chennai, Kochi, Kolkata. Why?

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Hindi Propagation in Foreign Countries

20070901 Hindi in United Nations (by K. Chezhian), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2007 (13 KB) (h)

An objection to Hindi in United Nations.

20100801 Indian Government's Hindi Propagation in Foreign Countries (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2010 (16 KB) (h)

Indian government projects the false picture abroad that Hindi is THE language of India understood and accepted by one billion people (lingua franca of a billion people). Details of Indian government actions.

20110101 Tell the Truth About Hindi and Counter Hindi Propaganda in Foreign Countries (by Saroja Thanga Raj, Radha Krishnamurthy and M. Palaniappan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2011 (14 KB) (h)

Accounts of how three individuals living in USA and Canada tried to counter Indian Government efforts to project Hindi as THE language of India (lingua franca).

19980602 Hindi Imposition through Indian Embassies (by Parameshwari Balakrishnan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, June 1998 (7 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20120801 Indian Government Promotes Hindi Around the World (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2012 (12 KB) (h)

Examples of Indian tax monies spent to propagate Hindi abroad (internationally). Why should non-Hindi citizens pay for it?

20140801 Indian Prime Minister Modi Talks to Foreign Leaders in Hindi - So What? (Projecting India as Hindia Around the World) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2014 (10 KB) (h)

Mr. Modi may choose to converse in any language he wants but the reasons behind his action is disturbing and "degrading" to non-Hindi peoples (the majority) of India.

20141201 India: Hindi Imposition on Foreigners in India (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 2014 (6 KB) (h)

An example.

20150601 Hindi Division in the Ministry of External Affairs, India (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, June 2015 (8 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20110901 Hindi in Nepal - An Analysis (by Thanjai Nalankilli ), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2011 (16 KB) (h)

Author points out the double standard used by Hindi proponents, using one argument to elevate Hindi in India and another argument to elevate Hindi in Nepal.

20130701 Hindi Cartoons, Television, Bangladesh and India (by K. Roy), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2013 (8 KB) (h)

Bangladesh banned the Hindi-dubbed cartoon in 2013 because it was adversely affecting children learning their mother tongue Bengali. What about India?

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Discrimination of Non-Hindi Peoples Abroad and Hindianization of Indians in Foreign Countries

20020702 How the Indian Government Stabbed Myanmar (Burma) Tamils in the Back (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2002 (9 KB) (h, i, t) (h, i, t)

Title is self-explanatory.

20151101 Hindi-Tamil Discrimination by Indian High Commission (Embassy) in South Africa (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2015 (16 KB) (h, t)

How the Indian High Commission discriminates against Tamils of Indian origin (the largest language group of Indian origin) and favours Hindi speakers . More examples of favoritism for Hindi around the world.

20000801 A Special Report from Mauritius: Mauritian Tamils Rise up to Protect Tamil (Names of the authors and photographer withheld), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2000 (8 KB) ( (

Hindi supremacist moves thwarted.

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India is for Hindi Speakers (in their own words)

20050801 "Indian Youth" means "Hindi Youth" to the Indian Government (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2005 (9 KB) (h)

Indian Defense Minister's statement explaining why Hindi is introduced as examination language for the combined defence service entrance examination while other languages are ignored.

20060502 Pharmaceutical Labels in Hindi: "Indian Customers" mean "Hindi Customers" to the Indian Government (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2006 (8 KB) (h)

In yet another indirect attempt to force Hindi into non-Hindi states, Indian governments orders that pharmaceutical labeling (drug labels) must be in Hindi and English (not the local language and English).

20070701 No Sari, No Idli : South Indians Go to Hell! (by Sharada T.P.K.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2007 (8 KB) (h, hi, i)

Indian government attempts to eliminate South Indian cultural traditions from government-owned institutions.

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Hindi Imppositioon through Computers and Internet

20161101 Hindi-centric Automated Computer Translation of Indian Languages (Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu ...) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2016 (16 KB) (h, t)

What is the proposed Hindi-centric approach and why all non-Hindi states should oppose it?

20170101 Indian Government, Tamil Unicode and Devanagari Script (How the Indian Government "Down-Graded" Tamil Unicode?) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2017 (16 KB) (h, s, t)

Discussion on how Indian government "down-graded" Tamil Unicode by incorrectly treating Tamil script as a subset Devanagari, and how to avoid such incidents in the future.

9980102 Hindi and Computers (by P. Kumaresan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 1998 (8 KB) (h)

"If computerization has to spread in India, it has to be done in Hindi", said the Director of Bhaba Atomic Research Center in 1988. What is wrong with that statement?

How the Safety and Health of non-Hindi Peoples are ignored because of India’s Hindi Zealousness?

20140101 Cooking Gas Explosions and Hindi Instructions (Tamil Nadu, India) (by K.S.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2014 (10 KB) (h)

What have cooking gas explosions to do with Hindi zealousness? This is the principal article of this sub-category. In addition to the cooking gas discussion, summaries of the other 3 articles are also included in this article. We suggest that you read this article first and then the other 3 articles if you want more detailed information.

20040601 India: Health and Welfare for Hindi Speakers Only (by K. S.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, June 2004 (10 KB) (h)

Indian Government sponsors AIDS prevention and control books in Hindi only. What about Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal?

20060502 Pharmaceutical Labels in Hindi: "Indian Customers" mean "Hindi Customers" to the Indian Government (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2006 (8 KB) (h)

In yet another indirect attempt to force Hindi into non-Hindi states, Indian governments orders that pharmaceutical labeling (drug labels) must be in Hindi and English (not the local language and English).

20070201 Hindi Advertisements in Tamil Newspapers: Does it Make Sense? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2007 (9 KB) (h)

Who placed Hindi advertisements in Tamil newspapers? Why? See the UPDATE section of this article for how the safety of non-Hindi peoples are ignored in an attempt to push Hindi into non-Hindi 

Hindi Cultural Domination

20170301 Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat or Hindi-fy India Programme? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2017 (16 KB) (h)

This is yet another means to establish a single pan-India culture, the culture of the Hindi region.

20070701 No Sari, No Idli : South Indians Go to Hell! (by Sharada T.P.K.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2007 (8 KB) (h, hi, i)

Indian government attempts to eliminate South Indian cultural traditions from government-owned institutions.

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Hindi-Driven Indian Politics

20141101 India: Democracy or Hindi-crazy? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2014 (16 KB) (h)

Non-Hindi ministers, MPs and citizens cannot fully participate unless they know Hindi or English. Three examples.

20020801 Indian President Abdul Kalam bows to Hindi Chauvinists (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2002 (13 KB) (h, hi)

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20081002 Indian Politics: Andhra Pradesh's Chandrababu Naidu Learns Hindi! (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 2008 (9 KB) (h, hi)

Should an aspirant for the high post of Prime Minister of India spend the time learning Indian economy, foreign affairs, military matters, etc. or spend the time learning Hindi which has no use except for appeasing Hindi politicians?

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Prime Minister Vajpayee Talks Nonsense about Hindi

20000101 Vajpayee's Big Lie about Hindi and Annadurai (by K. Chezhian), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2000 (16 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20030801 Prime Minister Vajpayee Talks Nonsense Again! (by A.P. Thangamani), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2003 (10 KB) (h)

Official language policy: India's Prime Minister Vajpayee lies again about Tamil Nadu's opposition to Hindi imposition.

20040301 Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's Fantasy Land (by A. P. Thangamani), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2004 (13 KB) (h)

Are Hindi zealots in high elected positions in the Indian Government living in a fantasyland? Or, are they lying about the role Hindi played (or did not play) during the freedom movement against British rule? Are they ignorant of history or are they re-writing Indian history? Couple of examples from Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee's speech are given.

20000501 Vajpayee, Are You Ignorant? (by A. P. Thangamani), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2000 9 KB (h)

Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee tells a second lie about opposition to Hindi imposition in Tamil Nadu.

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Hindian Arrogance and Sense of Entitlement

20100401 Hindi and Hindian Arrogance Test our Patience (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2010 (15 KB) (h)

Hindians coming to Tamil Nadu for study and employment insists that their colleges and companies serve north Indian food, observe north Indian holidays and not communicate with them in Tamil. They get violent if their demands are refused. Some recent examples.

20080201 Do Unto Hindi Speakers What They Do Unto You (by T. Ganesan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2008 (15 KB) (h)

Author provides several examples of Hindi arrogance and says that it should be met with arrogance of the same kind.

20110501 Personal Encounters with Hindi Arrogance in America (by P. Menon, Jeya Parasuram and Malathi), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2011 (10 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20100501 Hindi Will Destroy Marathi Language, Culture and Identity in Mumbai and Maharashtra (India) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2010 (22 KB) (h, hi, i)

Hindification and De-Marathification of Mumbai and Maharashtra.

20090202 Hindi Arrogance at a Tamilnadu School (by Lalitha Krishnan Nair), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2009 (10 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20111101 Hindian Arrogance in Indian Internet Chat Rooms and Discussion Forums (by P. Krishnan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2011 (6 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20120101 Complaint about Tamil Signs at Voting Booths in Tamil Nadu (by T. Murali ), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2012 (9 KB) (h, t)

Anyone who settles in a region must learn the local language. Those who do not want to do that have no right to vote there. Let them vote by mail in their hometowns or villages.

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Special Privileges to Hindi Speakers and Industries

20001201 Hindi Movies and the Indian Government (by P. Kumaresan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 2000 (14 KB) (h)

Title is self explanatory.

19981202 Indian Interference into Tamil Movies (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, December 1998 (12 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20020603 Indian Government enters the Publishing Industry (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, June 2002 (8 KB) (h)

...and how it affects Tamil books publication.

20040601 India: Health and Welfare for Hindi Speakers Only (by K. S.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, June 2004 (10 KB) (h)

Indian Government sponsors AIDS prevention and control books in Hindi only. What about Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal?

20130102 IIT Entrance Examination Questions in Hindi (Language Politics in IIT-JEE) (by K. Chezhian, Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2013 (8 KB) (h)

Why not in all languages listed in the Indian constitution?

20030702 Hindi, Tamil, State Languages in Airline Flights (India) (by Vimala Kannappan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2003 (6 KB) (h, t)

Why are Indian government controlled Air India flights have announcement in Hindi and English only? Some other airlines do provide announcements in Tamil, Karnataka, Malayalam, etc.

20141101 India: Democracy or Hindi-crazy? (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2014 (16 KB) (h)

Non-Hindi ministers, MPs and citizens cannot fully participate unless they know Hindi or English. Three examples.

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Impose Hindi, Kill Other Languages

20120301 Indian Government Language Policy: Destroy all Languages Except Hindi (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2012 (10 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

19990903 Indian Government Blocks Tamil Development into the Twenty First Century (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 1999 (17 KB) (h, t)

Title is self-explanatory.

20150301 Hindi Imposition in Karnataka (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2015 (14 KB) (h)

Examples of Hindi imposition in Karnataka and how it is choking off Kannada in Karnataka

20060801 No More Tamil Telegrams in Tamilnadu (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2006 (9 KB) (h, t)

In 2005, Indian government closed down Tamil telegraph facilities in all or most of the telegraph centers in Tamil Nadu (while Hindi and English telegrams could be sent from any telegraph center in Tamilnadu). How many people send Hindi telegrams in Tamilnadu?

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Views from outside Tamil Nadu

20110301 Anguish over Hindi Linguistic Racism and Domination of Non-Hindi Peoples of India: A Telugu Perspective (by Srinivasulu), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2011 (7 KB) (h)

A Telugu perspective on Hindi imposition.

20010502 Manipur Freedom Fighters Ban Hindi Movies (by L. Varadarajan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2001 (9 KB) (c, h)

Title is self-explanatory.

201211f1 Hindi and a Bengali in Bengaluru (Bangalore), Karnataka (by A. V.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2012 (6 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

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How Ordinary People Countered Hindi?

20110101 Tell the Truth About Hindi and Counter Hindi Propaganda in Foreign Countries (by Saroja Thanga Raj, Radha Krishnamurthy and M. Palaniappan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2011 (14 KB) (h)

Accounts of how three individuals living in USA and Canada tried to counter Indian Government efforts to project Hindi as THE language of India (lingua franca).

20110501 Personal Encounters with Hindi Arrogance in America (by P. Menon, Jeya Parasuram and Malathi), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2011 (10 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.some Hindi politicians.

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Hindi in Tamilnadu Politics

199908e EDITORIAL: Say a Word in Tamil and Listen to the Thunderous Applause from the Crowd (by Inia Pandian), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 1999 (9 KB) (h, p, tn)

Two faces of some Hindi politicians.

20151001 Hindi-Tamil Hypocrisy of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (by Inia Pandian), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 2015 (12 KB) (h, p)

The two faces of Mr. Modi.

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Miscellaneous

20020103 "Even all the Tamil Members of Parliament cannot Stop Hindi Imposition" (by T.M. Rajendran), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 2002 (6 KB) (h)

Statement by a Tamilnadu MP.

19990102 My Grandson wore a Black Flag! (by K. A. Murugesa Swamy), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 1999 (5 KB) (h)

Opposition to Hindi.

19990103 Defense of India or Defense of Hindia? (by K. Chezhian), TAMIL TRIBUNE, January 1999 (5 KB) (h)

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120130201 Language Row at Madras High Court, Tamil Nadu (Hindi in Madras High Court?) (by K.S. Kumaresan, Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2013 (7 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20130301 Hindi Street Signboards in Madurai Removed (Tamil Nadu, India) (by Thanjai Nalankilli ), TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 2013 (14 KB) (h)

Why we oppose Hindi Street Signboards in Madurai?

20170901 Remove Hindi from Kanyakumari State Express Bus Station (2017) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2017 (16 KB) (h)

Who is so blatantly violating Tamil Nadu State Government's two-language policy? Why we oppose Hindi in state government enterprises?

19971002 The Day a Hindi Fanatic was dragged out of the Closet (by P. Kumaresan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, October 1997 (8KB) (h)

20090802 Hindi Chauvinism (by Thirumalai), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2009 (11 KB) (h)

Title is self-explanatory.

19980703 Mulayam Singh Yadav on English and Hindi (A Brief Note) (by P. Kumaresan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 1998 (5 KB) (h)

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19990404 POINTS OF VIEW on Hindi Imposition and Freedom for Tamil Nadu (by (1) K. Srinivasan: Hooligans during the Agitation, (2) Mani M. Manivannan: Anti-India Attitude, (3) HHT: Start the Revolution, (4) Sadhu Miranda: Get out of their Hold, (5) Thanapal: Look at Singapore, (6) Viswanathan Pillai: I do not Know Hindi), TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 1999 (12 KB) (f, h)

Title is self-explanatory.

20050201 Postage Stamp in Honour of the 1965 Anti-Hindi Martyrs of Tamil Nadu (by Inia Pandian), TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2005 (6 KB) (h)

Demand for postage stamp and monuments for the anti-Hindi imposition Tamil martyrs of 1965.

20130901 Central Hindi Directorate and Your Tax Money (by Parameshwari Balakrishnan), TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2013 (9 KB) (h)

How Hindi and non-Hindi taxpayer monies are spent at the Central Hindi Directorate.

20140701 India, Hindi and Broken Promises (An Eight-Point Request) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2014 (9 KB) (h)

An eight-point request on the use of state languages in Indian government affairs.

20160801 Language Alienation of the Children of Non-Hindi Soldiers in the Indian Army (Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil,Telugu, ...) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2016 (12 KB) (h, t)

Children of non-Hindi soldiers do not have the facilities to learn their mother tongue while Hindi is taught everywhere. Author offers a solution.

20170701 A Hindi Zealot Comes Calling for Votes In Tamil Nadu (Meira Kumar for President of India) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, July 2017 (12 KB) (h)

What did Meira Kumar do as speaker of Indian parliament?

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Page description: This page contains articles on Indian Government’s Hindi Imposition, opposition in Tamil Nadu; reasons for opposition, and examples of negative impact of making Hindi India’s official language; discussions and debates, quotes from Hindi and non-Hindi leaders.


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