Cauvery river water dispute

Cauvery River Water Dispute and Karnataka Massacres: Part 2

Thanjai Nalankilli

TAMIL TRIBUNE, March 1998 (ID. 1998-03-01)
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(In Part-1 of this article (Cauvery River Water Dispute and Karnataka Massacres: Part 1), the author discussed some of the problems people of Tamil Nadu are facing such as the denial Cauvery River water to Tamil Nadu, safety of Tamils living outside of Tamil Nadu in India and the safety of Tamil Nadu fisherman in international waters near Kachchateevu and Sri Lanka. Here, in Part-2, discusses further the problems of Tamil Nadu within the "Indian Union" and explores what people of Tamil Nadu can do to end Indian Government's step-motherly, discriminatory treatment and better their lives.)

Here is the OUTLINE of Part-1. You can access that part by clicking here. Scroll down to go to Part-2.

Part-1

Definition

Forward

1. Cauvery River Water Dispute

2. An Orgy of Violence

3. Tamils were Massacred in Karnataka, India did Nothing

4. Tamil Fishermen were Chased Out of Kachchateevu, India did Nothing

5. Tamil Farmers were Denied their Water, India did Nothing

6. What can Tamils do?

Now Part-2

OUTLINE

Definition

7. Obligations of the Indian Government

8. Economic Discrimination

9. If Tamil Nadu were an Independent Country...

9.1 Cauvery Waters

9.2 Massacre of Tamils in Karnataka

9.3 Killings of Tamil Nadu Fishermen by Sri Lankan Navy

9.4 Economic Benefits

DEFINITION

Hindians: People whose mother tongue is Hindi (similar to Tamil speakers are sometimes referred as Tamilans or Tamilians).

7. Obligations of the Indian Government

If Tamil Nadu is a part of India and if Tamils of Tamil Nadu are citizens of India, then there are responsibilities and obligations on both the Tamil people and the Indian government. On their part, Tamil people should pay their share of taxes and obey the laws enacted by the Indian government. In return, Indian government's obligations are: 

  1. It should give Tamil Nadu its share of benefits in the form of industrial and infrastructure developments.
  2. Protect Tamil Nadu's economic interests (for example, their share of Cauvery water to Tamil farmers, Tamil fishermen's right to fish in international waters between India and Sri Lanka).
  3. Provide a safe environment so that Tamil people can live and work without fear for their lives (for example, live without fear in Karnataka or Maharashtra, or anywhere in India; fish in international waters without fear of the Sri Lankan Navy).

Indian government has definitely not met these obligations to the Tamil people. We have already established in Part-1 of this article that the Indian government is protecting neither the economic interests nor even the very lives of Tamil people. Tamil Nadu is also economically discriminated by the Indian government when compared to Hindi states [Reference 1].

Successive Tamil Nadu governments have raised these concerns to the Indian government and things are getting worse not better. Tamil Nadu electorate has elected Dravidian parties (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)) to form the Tamil Nadu state government again and again since 1967. These Dravidian parties have their origin in the demand for "independence for Tamil Nadu". Though these parties have given up the "independence demand" (because the Indian government passed a law that would prohibit parties demanding independence from contesting elections), they still demand equitable sharing of central government tax revenues as well as due protection for Tamils. Both the DMK and AIADMK governments have repeatedly spoken up for the rights of Tamil people and brought it to the attention of the Indian government. By voting these Dravidian parties to power again and again since 1967, the Tamil people have spoken. But our requests, pleadings and demands fall into deaf ears of the Indian government controlled by Hindians.

8. Economic Discrimination

Successive Tamil Nadu governments have asked the Indian government for more development funds but, alas, to no avail. Tamil Nadu's allotment of central government funds for industry and infrastructure development  have been consistently lower than that allotted to Hindi-speaking states like Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Madhya Pradesh (MP). We have taken into consideration the fact that UP and MP have higher population than Tamil Nadu (TN), and have adjusted the numbers by an appropriate factor. We also looked at the taxes collected by central government (Indian government) from TN, UP and MP, and central government funds allocated to the three states for various projects. The ratio of central government funds allocated to the state to central government taxes collected from the state is much higher for UP and MP compared to Tamil Nadu in every five-year plan period from the 1950's to the present. Only way to explain it is that Hindi-speaking states are favored and non-Hindi speaking Tamil Nadu is discriminated by the Indian government controlled by the Hindians. [EDITOR'S NOTE: The author mentions only the Hindi speaking states of Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Madhya Pradesh (MP) in this article because the other Hindi speaking states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal were created from UP and MP after the article was originally published in 1998. Now these Hindi-speaking states also receive the same type of favorable treatment from the Indian government.]

On another front, Hindi imposition continues slowly but surely. Tamil Nadu's share of middle and upper level central government jobs is decreasing steadily because of the Hindi burden on Tamil employees.

9. If Tamil Nadu were an Independent Country...

People of Tamil Nadu and the state government of Tamil Nadu have done everything possible within the bounds of democratic action to protect the welfare and rights of the people of Tamil Nadu. We have exhausted all avenues within the framework of the Indian constitution. So, what is the solution? Accept it and live as third class citizens with comparatively decreasing standard of living and concern for the very safety of some of our fellow Tamils in other states? No. If you cannot move the mountain, go around it or dig a tunnel through it. If our welfare and rights cannot be protected in India, then fight for a free, independent Tamil Nadu. That seems to be the only solution possible. I request all Tamils from Tamil Nadu to seriously consider the matter of a free Tamil Nadu.

A free, independent Tamil Nadu is not a panacea for all our ills but it is much better than being third class citizens of India and subservient to the Hindi overlords. Let us consider each one of the problems discussed in this article briefly.

9.1 Cauvery Waters

If Tamil Nadu were an independent country, we will be asking for the share of water that is legitimately and historically ours as a sovereign nation. There are international conventions and formalities about river-water sharing. India and Pakistan are sworn enemies and fought many major wars but still they share river water amicably because there are established international conventions about sharing river water. "The law" is on Tamil Nadu's side. Every single time the Indian Supreme Court ruled in Tamil Nadu's favor. If Tamil Nadu were an independent country and if Karnataka were to block Cauvery waters, the matter can be taken to the World Court and other appropriate international agencies. If Karnataka were to refuse to accede to international norms, economic sanctions can be sought. Economics sanctions as well as being deemed an international offender will make any country think twice before refusing to follow international conventions. In summary, Tamil Nadu will be better off as an independent country with respect to the Cauvery water dispute.

9.2 Massacre of Tamils in Karnataka

If Tamil Nadu were an independent country, the moment Tamils were murdered in Karnataka, the matter would have been raised in international forums such as the United Nations, and Karnataka would take any such appeal to the United Nations seriously. Karnataka would have taken effective measures to stop the killings immediately instead of allowing it to continue for over two weeks. The situation of Tamils in Karnataka could not be worse than what happened in 1992. Take the case of Jews around the world. Jews were massacred in Europe for hundreds of years (not just in Germany, they were massacred in Russia and many other countries as well). Then the independent Jewish Nation of Israel was established some fifty years ago. There had been no Jewish massacres since that time. Whenever trouble started somewhere, Israel raised its voice loud and clear and the countries in questions took effective actions to protect the Jews. Jews live safely, though possibly under economic and cultural discriminations, even in countries where Jews were hated by the majority population, because the governments make sure that there are no massacres for fear of international condemnation. No one condemned the massacres of Tamils in Karnataka because there was no country to raise its voice in international forums for the helpless Tamils of Karnataka. In summary, if Tamil Nadu were an independent country, the plight of Karnataka Tamils could not be worse than what happened in 1992.

9.3 Killings of Tamil Nadu Fishermen by Sri Lankan Navy

Sri Lankan Navy would think a hundred times before shooting at Tamil Nadu fishermen if Tamil Nadu were an independent country.

One: Tamil Nadu would have raised the matter in the United Nations and other international forums years ago and would not have allowed the killings to continue this long. Remember, India never raised it at the United Nations; in fact, India never even warned Sri Lanka but filed lukewarm protests which mean nothing. Tamil lives do not mean much to the Indian Government controlled and dominated by Hindians.

Two: If Tamil Nadu were an independent country, it would have its own navy. (Now Tamil tax money is used to buy the latest naval ships, armaments and submarines for the Indian Navy but the Indian Navy refuses to protect our fishermen from the tiny Sri Lankan Navy.) If Tamil Nadu were an independent country, Tamil Nadu Navy would have come to protect its fishermen and knocked off the Sri Lankan naval vessels shooting at our fishermen. As an independent country, Tamil Nadu would have a navy capable of protecting its fishermen from the Sri Lankan Navy. The decision whether to send the navy to protect our fishermen would be taken in Chennai by a Tamil government and not in New Delhi by a Hindian government. In summary, Tamil Nadu fishermen would be one-hundred percent better off in a free, independent Tamil Nadu.

9.4 Economic Benefits

Others and I have established in several articles that an independent Tamil Nadu would be economically much better off and the standard of living in Tamil Nadu would be much higher than as a state in India [see for example Reference 1]. As stated earlier in this article (I repeat here from Section 8 for added emphasis), Tamil Nadu's allotment of central government funds for industry and infrastructure development  have been consistently lower than that allotted to Hindi-speaking states like Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Madhya Pradesh (MP). We have taken into consideration the fact that UP and MP have higher population than Tamil Nadu (TN), and have adjusted the numbers by an appropriate factor. We also looked at the taxes collected by central government (Indian government) from TN, UP and MP, and central government funds allocated to the three states for various projects. The ratio of central government funds allocated to the state to central government taxes collected from the state is much higher for UP and MP compared to Tamil Nadu in every five-year plan period from the 1950's to the present. Only way to explain it is that Hindi-speaking states are favored and non-Hindi speaking Tamil Nadu is discriminated by the Indian government controlled by the Hindians. [EDITOR'S NOTE: The author mentions only the Hindi speaking states of Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Madhya Pradesh (MP) in this article because the other Hindi speaking states like Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal were created from UP and MP after the article was originally published in 1998. Now these Hindi-speaking states also receive the same type of favorable treatment from the Indian government.]

All in all, considering everything, it is time that people of Tamil Nadu think seriously if they want to be part of India (and be discriminated and economically exploited) or want to be a free, independent nation. Enough is enough. We have suffered enough under the Indian (Hindian) rule. It is time for action. It is time to speak up for our legitimate right for self-determination. Time to garner mass support amongst the Tamil Nadu population for a free, independent Tamil Nadu. [See Reference 2 for more information on Tamil Nadu independence struggle.]

REFERENCES

1. Economic Discrimination of Tamil Nadu

2. Tamil Nadu Independence Struggle

3. Who Rules India? (Part I) (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2000

F----    1998-a1d

 

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