7. Birth of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
TAMIL TRIBUNE, February 2006 (ID. 2006-02-01)
DK - Dravidar Kazhagam
DMK - Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Dravidar Kazhagam Administrative Committee (Nirvaka Kuzhu) met on September 17, 1949 in Chennai. Periyar did not attend. Members discussed the situation in the aftermath of Periyar-Maniammai marriage. Following these discussions, C. N. Annadurai read out a statement. Here are the key points of that statement (translated from Tamil by author. Words within square parentheses are added by translator for clarification):
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) considers the day of this statement (September 17, 1949) as the date of birth of the party.
Following Annadurai's statement, the Administrative Committee passed a resolution to form an Organization Commmittee (Amaippu Kuzhu). Members of the Committee were K. K. Neelamegam, A. Siththaiyan, K. V. K. Swamy, S. Muthu, G. Parangusam, K, Govindaswamy, and N. V. Natarajan.
The Organization Committee met the next morning (September 18, 1949) and issued a statement forming the new party, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) (Dravidian Progressive Party). They also formed a 110-member General Committee (Pothu Kazhu) and a few smaller committees, such as the Finance Committee (Nithi Kuzhu) and the Publicity Committee (Pirachchaara Kuzhu). The Organization Committee invited C. N. Annadurai to become its first General-Secretary. This was the top post in the party. The president post was kept open (supposedly for Periyar E. V. Ramaswamy Naicker to occupy it when and if he wishes to come over to DMK and unite with them). The president post was kept open for many years until a political crisis necessitated the filling of the post. This was after the death of C. N. Annadurai. We will discuss it in a later chapter.
The design of the DMK flag was as follows: A two-colour rectangular flag with the top half black and the bottom half red. Black color reflected the dark political, economical and social situation of Dravidians. Red color signified "rising sunlight" that removes the darkness. The red rises from the bottom and is expected to slowly remove all the darkness. Years later when DMK contested elections, it would take "rising sun" as the party symbol.
Inaugural function of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) was held on the evening of September 18, 1949 at Royapuram Robinson Park in Chennai. Peththampalayam Palaniswamy presided over the function. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam was born. A new chapter in the history of Dravidian parties has begun.
SUMMARY: Birth of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) in 1949 because of differences with Periyar E. V. Ramaswamy Naicker. C. N. Annadurai's statement.
EDITORIAL NOTE: Some Tamil names are spelled differently by different people. Here are some variations of names used in this chapter:
Dravidar Kazhagam - Dravidar Kazagam
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