3. First DK State Conference, Dravida Nadu Demand and Anti-Hindi Agitation
TAMIL TRIBUNE, September 2005 (ID. 2005-09-01)
CBSE - Central Board of Secondary Education
DK - Dravidar Kazhagam
DMK - Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
1. Thiruchi Conference
The first state conference after the formation of Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) was held in Thiruchi. General-Secretary C. N. Annadurai gave a lengthy speech about Dravida Nadu independence. Here are excerpts from the speech (translated from Tamil by the author). (NOTE: All materials within square parentheses [ ] are by the author/translator to clarify and put matters in proper perspective.)
2. Protests against Hindi in Schools
The Congress ministry of Madras Province introduced Hindi as a compulsory subject in schools again in 1946. (Hindi was first introduced by the Congress ministry in 1938 and was withdrawn in 1940 after massive protests against it. Hindi was made a compulsory subject again in 1942 and withdrawn again after protests. Hindi was being introduced the third time in 1946.) Dravidar Kazhagam spearheaded the agitation against it. Party President Periyar E. V. Ramaswamy asked his top lieutenant C. N. Annadurai to head the agitation. After many protest marches, with support from the general public, the provincial government again withdrew Hindi. This "on-off" game continued for some more years. Then Hindi continued as an optional subject in schools for some years.
The final chapter was written to this hide-and-seek game in 1968 when the DMK state government under Chief Minister C. N. Annadurai, which came to power for the first time in 1967, removed Hindi from schools once and forever. The succeeding Chief Ministers M. Karunanidhi, M. G. Ramachandran and Jeyalalithaa Jeyaram (all from Dravidian parties) refused to allow Hindi in schools under state government jurisdiction in spite of suggestions from Indian Government ministers. Indian Government's response was to sanction hundreds of schools in Tamil Nadu under its direct jurisdiction (CBSE scheme) bypassing the state government. Hindi is taught in these schools but Tamil is optional.
[SUMMARY: Dravidar Kazhagam's first state conference and successful opposition to Hindi in schools.]
EDITORIAL NOTE: Some Tamil names are spelled differently by different people. Here are some variations of names used in this chapter:
Dravidar Kazhagam - Dravidar Kazagam
1. Why DK and DMK initially asked for Independent Dravida Nadu and later moved towards Independent Tamil Nadu (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2005 (14 KB)
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