Annadurai and Independence for Dravida Nadu

Annadurai's Speech on Independence for Dravida Nadu (or Tamil Nadu)

TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2005 (ID. 2005-05-01)
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C. N. Annadurai, popularly known as Arinjar Anna, was the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu State (1967-1969). He passed away in 1969. The following are excerpts from his speech at the Dravidar Kazagam State Conference in Tiruchi in the 1940s. The speech in Tamil was published in Reference 1. (NOTE: All materials within square parentheses [ ] below are by the translator to clarify and put matters within proper context.)

"India is a continent; it should be divided into a number of countries. The continent of Europe has 32 independent countries. No one argues that it should be a single country ruled by a single government. Similarly there is no need for India to be under a single government". [Translator's Note: This speech was made in the 1940s. Some may argue today that Europe is uniting as a European Union. Note that European Union is not a country; it is a union of sovereign independent countries. Indian states are not sovereign independent countries that have the right to get out of the Union if they so choose. European countries have that sovereign right. That is a major and important difference. So Annadurai's statement is valid even today.]

"Aryan influence increases within a single country called India. Welfare of the other races is crushed under Aryan rule. Uniting different races under a single country leads to rebellions and troubles. In order to prevent such troubles and bloodshed in India, we should divide India according to racial lines now." [Translator's Note: In essence Annadurai had foretold the armed uprisings and bloodlettings in Punjab and the northeastern states.]

"Even during the days of the emperors Ashoka, Kanishkar, Samudra Gupta and Akbar, India was not a single country.

"If India is divided into many countries, each country could develop its economy according to its circumstances. It would also put an end to one region robbing the resources of another. All races can achieve equality only if each race has its own country and government. We fear the thought of one race living under the rule of another. This fear gives birth to violent rebellion. It is necessary to divide India racially to prevent such violent revolutions. The reason one race has not choked another race to death in India so far is the British guns. When the British leave, India will become a killing field [unless it is divided into different countries on racial basis]." [Translator's Note: Again Annadurai is foretelling the armed uprisings and bloodlettings in Punjab and the northeastern states.]

(Translated from Tamil to English by Thanjai Nalankilli)

EDITORIAL NOTE: Some Tamil names are spelled differently by different people. Here are some variations of names used in this article:

Dravidar Kazhagam - Dravidar Kazagam
Dravida Nadu - Dravidanadu
Tamil Nadu - Tamilnadu
Tiruchi - Thiruchi, Trichi, Thiruchirapalli


1. T. M. Parthasarathi, Thee Mu Kaa Varalaaru (History of DMK), Bharathi Nilayam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Fourth Printing, 1984, page 27.


1. Why DK and DMK initially asked for Independent Dravida Nadu and later moved towards Independent Tamil Nadu (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2005 (14 KB) (f)

2. More Articles on Tamilnadu Independence Movements

FIS050423    2005-a1d

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