Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Dominated by Hindi Speakers

Thanjai Nalankilli

TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2004 (ID. 2004-08-01)
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Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) comes under the jurisdiction of the Central Government of India. I have stated before that CRPF has disproportionately high proportion of personnel from the Hindi belt and nearby states whose languages are close to Hindi. In June 2003 CRPF confirmed that the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are under-represented and the states of Bihar, Haryana, Madya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are disproportionately over-represented. CRPF said that the southern states are under-represented because many who applied for jobs from these states did not meet the required physical fitness standards. Is it really the only reason or is there more to it?

In a previous article "Why India's Official Language Policy is Unfair to Non-Hindi Peoples" [Reference 1], we presented the following data: "Out of the 1885 candidates who passed Indian Government Clerical and Stenographer examinations held in 2002, less than 100 are from the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu." Obviously the poor showing of candidates from the southern states has nothing to do with physical fitness (there were no physical examinations to pass). As we pointed out in that article, disproportionately large numbers of candidates from the Hindi-speaking states passed the examinations because they could answer the questions in their mother tongue Hindi, whereas southerners have to answer in either Hindi or English, both of which are foreign to them.

That is the same reason for the low pass rate of southern candidates for the Central Reserve Police Force also. Candidates have to answer examinations either in Hindi or English. So the Hindi region candidates have an unfair advantage. It is also interesting that candidates from Andhra Pradesh, Karntaka and Kerala did as badly as those from Tamil Nadu, although Hindi is a compulsory subject in schools in those states. So what is needed is not teaching Hindi in schools (evidently it did not help Andhra, Karnataka and Kerala) but all central government examinations should be held in mother tongues. Despite many requests, the Hindi politicians who dominate the Indian parliament and thus control the Indian Government refuse to allow that.

Even the fortunate candidates who pass the examinations have a hard time once they are in the job. They were forced to pass Hindi examinations (even if they were posted in non-Hindi states) and asked to write a certain percentage of letters and reports in Hindi. [Reference 2]. This policy should also be stopped. Otherwise Hindi speakers get an unfair advantage in the work place in central government jobs. Will it happen? If there is lot of protest,  some entrance examinations may be held in the mother tongue but forcing employees to pass Hindi examinations and working at least in part in Hindi would not change. That is an unfair burden on non-Hindi employees and is reducing the number of promotions and advancement of these employees [Reference 3].


1. How India's Official Language Policy is Hurting Non-Hindi Peoples (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2003.

2. Government of India's Hindi Imposition Agenda for 2002-2003 (by M. T.), TAMIL TRIBUNE, May 2002 (26 KB) (h) [Particularly, see Table 1] 

3. Doctor, Learn Hindi or You are Fired! (by K. N. Nair), TAMIL TRIBUNE, August 2002.. 


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